Parts of Speech
We speak different words to make a sentence, e.g. name of any person, name of place, action done by someone etc. There are eight parts of speech which collectively made a sentence.
Parts of Speech are used in accurate combination to make a sentence subject to grammar rules of English language to convey our message.
Ahmad is a good boy.
In this sentence
'Ahmad' is a noun,
'is' a helping verb,
'good' is an adjective,
'boy' is also a noun.
Why should we learn Parts of Speech?
It is very important to be familiar with parts of speech because we must know what we are going to say and how we can express our ideas. When we are unable to identify the parts of speech we can never convey our ideas or feelings properly; Moreover we can never understand that what a writer/speaker wants to say.
How to practice parts of speech?
You have to practice by identifying the parts of speech while reading a book or story. At the end of the parts of speech there is an example paragraph from which we have to identify the parts of speech and made a list of it.
You have to practice by identifying the parts of speech while reading a book or story. At the end of the parts of speech there is an example paragraph from which we have identified the parts of speech and made a list of it.
Noun is a Name of any place, anything, person or any idea. e.g. Ahmed, Pen, Lahore
- Pronoun: Pronoun replaces noun.
Repetition of noun in any sentence seems awkward. Thus we replace noun by pronoun. e.g. Ahmed is 8 years old. Ahmed studies in government school. Ahmed is a good student. Here we will replace Ahmed (noun) with he (pronoun) to avoid repetition of word Ahmed (noun).
- Adjective: Adjective describes noun.
It explains good or bad qualities of noun. Ahmed is an educated person. In this sentence educated is an adjective and person is a noun. Educated explains that Ahmed is literate person. Another example can be, Ahmed is a good boy. In this sentence 'good' is an adjective.
- Verb: Verb can be an action or a state/condition.
Action verb means a physical action which a person is doing, such as read, run, eat, sleep etc. action verbs are also called continuous verb.
Stative Verb means any condition like feelings, emotions, senses etc. e.g. like, love, hate, smell, see, etc. stative verb can not be used in continuous tenses.
Helping Verb It supports the main verb to explain or clear its meaning, helping verbs are indefinit form of helping verbs are, do, does, did; continuous form of helping verb (forms of be) is, am, are, was, were; Perfect form of helping verb, Has, Have, had.
- Adverb: Adverb describes verb.
It describes good or bad qualities and degree of verb at which an action or work is done. He runs fast. 'Fast' describes that the running process is fast. He runs very fast. 'Very' describes the degree of fast.
- Preposition: Preposition gives meaning to the sentence.
Without preposition a sentence is meaningless. e.g. on, at, in, into, onto, of, etc. The book is on the table. If we omit 'on' from the sentence, The book is the table. This sentence is meaningless.
- Conjunctions: Conjunctions are the linking words. It joins 'words', 'sentences' or 'phrases'. There are three types of conjunctions.
Coordinating Conjunctions: It joins two independent clauses, sentences, words, and pharses. e.g book and pen, dark midnight and shining stars, She is an intelligent girl and she stood first in the class.
Subordinating Conjunctions: It joins independent clause and dependent clause. In fact these conjunctions makes a sentence dependent e.g. She won the game because she played hard. In this sentence 'because she played hard' is a dependent clause because due to hard playing she won the game.
Correlative Conjuctions: These conjunctins are pair of words, such as neither nor, either or, as soon as, etc. These pair of conjunctions joins the words, phrases, sentences and clauses of same importance. e.g. Neither Ali will go to bazar, nor Nadeem will go to play.
- Interjection: Words of emotions.
These are the words of emotions or feelings. e.g. hurrah, oh, Alas. We use these words to show our emotions, feeling or excitement level.
- Article: There are two types of articles. definit article and indefinit article.
Definite Article: Definite article is 'THE'. It is used to specify the noun. e.g. She works in the hospital, where medical facilities are very rich. This sentence shows that there are many hospitals in the city but she works in the hospital where the medical facilities are rich. or it is the only hospital in the city which has rich medical facilities.
Indefinite Article: Indefinite article is 'A' or 'An'. It is used for unspecified noun. e.g. She works in a hospital, where medical facilities are very rich. This sentence shows that Medical facilities are provided in all hospitals of the city and she works in one of the hospitals.
How to lean parts of speech?
It is very easy to crame anything but it is difficult to keep them memorized and use them in practical field. You need to practice it on daily basis. We are giving and example in which you will learn that how could you better understand the parts of speech and how you can practice.
Identify Parts of Speech from following paragraph.
Ahmed is 8 years old boy. He lives in Islamabad. He likes to play tennis, football, and cricket. He studies in 5th class. He is an intelligent boy. He is also a good player and he mostly win all matches. When he win the matches he usually says, 'Hurrah, I won, I won, I won'. He is also a very hard working boy. He has learnt sketching and painting. At the weekends, he paints different sceneries, and sketches famous personalities. He is an apple of eye of his family, because he respects and helps everyone. Neither he wastes his time, nor he is a book warm. He spends his spare time in learning different languages.
List of Parts of speech in above paragraph
NOUN: Ahmed, Islamabad, tennis, football, cricket, boy, matches, Player, Family, everyone, book warm, time, languages, sceneries, personalities
ACTION VERB: studies, win, won, working, learnt, sketching, painting, respects, helps, wastes, spends, learning
STATIVE VERBS: lives, likes
HELPING VERBS: is,
ADJECTIVES: old, intelligent, good, famous, an apple of eye, spare, different
ADVERBS: Mostly, usually, very, hard,
PREPOSITION: In, to, at
COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS: and
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS: Because
CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS: Neither, Nor.
DEFINIT ARTICLES: The
INDEFINIT ARTICLES: a, an
Family of Words
Every word has a family. it means that word has its own adjective, adverb, noun and verb. e.g. the word 'education' has its own family words.
Education. Its a noun, it means the systematic act of receiving or gaining instruction, knowledge at school. Education is important for everyone.
Educated. It is an adjective which means 'literate.' He is an educated person.
Educate. It means to teach. We must educate our every child.
Educationally. it means in educational manner. Educationally, this school is very good.
Tricks to identify Parts of Speech
These tricks are 99% valid.
Noun ends up with 'tion', 'sion', 'nce'
Adjective ends up with 'ed'. It is mostly placed before noun. e.g. good boy, old fashioned dress.
Adverb ends up with 'lly'. it is mostly placed at the end or start of the sentence but it is also used before verb. e.g. educationally, the school is very good. This sentence can also be written as, The school is good educationally.