Tenses

Tenses means 'Time'. There are three types of times or tenses.

  • Past - The gone time
  • Present - The current time.
  • Future - The coming time

There are four kinds of each tense.

Past Tenses Present Tenses Future Tenses
Simple/Indefinite Tense Simple/Indefinite Tense Simple/Indefinite Tense
Continuous Tense Continuous Tense Continuous Tense
Perfect Tense Perfect Tense Perfect Tense
Perfect Continuous Tense Perfect Continuous Tense Perfect Continuous Tense

 

  • Simple Tense - Time is specified either mentioned or not.
    Simple tenses tells the starting point in time of work or ending point in time of work.
    e.g 'I play tennis at 6 pm.' OR 'I play tennis'.
    In first sentence time is mentioned, but in second sentence i.e. 'I play tennis.', time is not mentioned but time is kept in the mind, that at any specific time of the day 'I play tennis.' but how long i will play it is not mentioned.
  • Continuous Tense - Duration with unspecified time.
    This tense tells the processing time of work i.e. work is/was/will being continued.
    e.g. I am eating dinner.
  • In tis tense time is not specified that when dinner is started or when it will be ended. it is a time in which process of eating is continued.
  • Perfect Tense - Time is unspecified.
    We cannot mention the starting or endding time of work in this sentence. Or Time of work is not known.
  • e.g. I have done my work. It means work has done in very near past, but time is not mentioned.
  • Perfect Continuous Tense - Duration with specified time.
    Time has to be mentioned in this tense because this tense tells the starting point of time of work and also tells the duration of work until it is/was/will being continued. .
  • I have been doing my home work since 5 ' O clock. This tense is showing the duration with specific time at which work has started and continued till now.

While making tenses, use of time must be kept in mind.


Structure of Tenses
Every tense is made of 'Subject', 'Verb', and 'Object'.

  • 'SUBJECT' - A person who performs an action.
  • 'VERB' - The action wich is performed by subject.
  • 'OBJECT' - A person or thing which receives an action.

The tense is written as 'Subject + Verb + Object'.

I + Play + Tennis.

NOTE: The forms of verb change with the type of subject.

Singular Subject:
Noun: A peron's Name such as Ahmed, or name of any single thing that can perform any action.
Pronoun: He, She, It, I, You.

Plural Subject:
Noun: More than one persons or things. Such as Ahmad and Ali, Cats, Dogs, Trees etc.
Pronoun: We, You, They. Mostly 'I' is also treated as plural pronoun.
Identify singular and plural subject.

Ahmad
Ahmad or Ali
Ahamd and Ali
Cats
Cat
Person
People