Present Continuous Tense

Uses of Present Continuous Tense

NOTE: We CANNOT use stative verbs in continuous tenses.

USE 1: NOW - Something is happening or not happening.
e.g. I am playing football.
She is going to school.


USE 2: Longer action in progress now. i.e. action started in past, still going on, and will end up in future.
e.g. I am studying to become a doctor.
I am reading the book of social policy.


USE 3: Near future - something will happen or not.
e.g. I am meeting my friends after work.

USE 4: Repetition and irritation with the words 'Always' and 'Constantly'
e.g. She is always coming late to the class.
She is constantly talking.


NOTE: This sentence gives the meaning of present simple tense but in negative emotion.

Structure of Present Continuous Tense


Exceptional case of subject 'I'

Note: First forms of verb with 'ing' e.g. going, coming, etc. is called present participles.

Nature of Sentence Structure of tense with example.
Positive Subject(I) + am + present participle + Object.
I am playing football.
Negative Subject(I) + am + not + present participle + Object.
I am not playing football.
Interogative Am + Subject(I) + present participle + Object?
Am I playing football?
Interogative negative Am + Subject(I) + not + present participle + Object?
Am I not playing football?


Singular subject He, She, It, Any Name

Nature of Sentence Structure of tense with example.
Positive Subject + is + present participle + Object.
He/She/It is playing football.
Negative Subject + is + not + present participle + Object.
He/She/It is not playing football.
Interogative Is + subject + present participle + Object?
Is He/She/It playing football?
Interogative negative Is + Subject + not + present participle + Object?
Is He/She/It not playing football?


Plural Subject We, You, They

Nature of Sentence Structure of tense with example.
Positive Subject + are + present participle + Object.
We/you/they are playing football.
Negative Subject + are + not + present participle + Object.
We/you/they are not playing football.
Interogative Are + subject + present participle + Object?
Are we/you/they playing football?
Interogative negative Are subject + not + present participle + Object?
Are we/you/they not playing football?

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